Conversations with representatives of primary chain of Hazelnut production, Hazelnut processing plants and exporter companies prove that Hazelnut quality is actually a huge problem in Georgia\’s Hazelnut sector.
All chains associated with Hazelnut business agree that in 2016 farmers picked low-quality Hazelnut? owing to incorrect care, improper picking and storing. Moreover, a leading portion of farmers? complains about spread diseases and pests. Also, it is asserted? farmers frequently make center on a level of harvest, not on quality.
According to the 2016 FAO indicators, Georgia ranks fourth among Hazelnut producer countries worldwide. Moreover, Hazelnut exports occupies growing ratio in Georgia\’s agriculture products exports during the last years. Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Guria and Imereti are leading regions with regards to Hazelnut production exceeding 80% ratio in Georgia\’s total Hazelnut production.
Eugeorgia.info has inquired activities and problems of Hazelnut manufacturers as part of trainings organized in Zugdidi while using financial support of Dutch Embassy.
Zaira Shelia, director of Sachino cooperative, complains about spread diseases and claims that Hazelnut harvest was horrible in 2016, despite she had analyzed and fertilized soil.
Jemal Chakhaia, agronomist for AgroHouse farmers service center in Zugdidi, stated that mugginess has mainly provoked various diseases. This factor happens to be prevented by correct cutting and keeping due distance between Hazelnut trees, he was quoted saying.
Gela Abuladze, farmer and who owns Hazelnut processing plant, mentions correct nurture Hazelnut and harvest spoilage: \”To pick high-quality Hazelnut, we have to complete due procedures in spring, starting from Hazelnut roots, including; treatment-cleaning, making channels in the eventuality of marshlands, fertilizing soil, cleaning the soil from grass. I pick harvest three times. Some farmers loose time waiting for harvest to get a month and then pick Hazelnut immediately, however, this practice worsens quality of Hazelnut and grows humidity inside the crop. On account of improper storage practices, population has worsened Hazelnut? themselves. Previously, pests were less spread in Tsalenjikha, nonetheless they multiplied after picking harvest. In 2016 moist in environment increased Hazelnut? humidity too; In the past years Hazelnut humidity was 12%, in 2016- 42%. Consequently, less job was required by previous years. Such moist hindered Hazelnut drying process at rooms. That\’s the reason their harvest spoiled\”.
Abuladze owns Hazelnut plantation on 40 hectares. His processing plant buy Hazelnut from local population too. He breaks Hazelnut and sells it to SRT processing exporter company.
\”For the aim of enhancing the storage practice and concentrating farmer\’s concentrate on quality, the plant introduced new rules in 2016. Previously, the company useful to buy loads of Hazelnut for the similar price, whilst in 2016 the price tag was determined resulting from recovery yield, i.e. ratio of valuable Hazelnut in delivered Hazelnut\”.
Shalva Abumava, head of Darcheli Hazelnut cooperative board, noted that in 2016 he did not sign an agreement with Italian partners as a consequence of low-quality harvest. She has built Hazelnut drying facilities and storehouse by state financial component. The built infrastructure was presented with up to the cooperative in leasing plus 2016 we transformed it into processing enterprise. We added production machineries and offered farmers to process it. Moreover, we conducted trainings for cooperative members in Hazelnut growing and picking issues. Currently, cooperative activities include Hazelnut drying-storing, processing and sales.
Darcheli Hazelnut wants to export product to foreign markets too, Abumava said and stressed: \” To that end, we must always receive top quality Hazelnut, for a start, while quality control can not be carried out at processing plants if farmers deliver low-quality polluted Hazelnut. We want to introduce Global Gap to control the quantity of pesticides or fertilizers, along with their implementation in agricultural terms. Small farmers also realize the power of almost all these aspects